Advance preparation in task-switching: converging evidence from behavioral, brain activation, and model-based approaches
Karayanidis, F and Jamadar, S and Ruge, H and Phillips, N and Heathcote, A and Fortsmann, BU, Advance preparation in task-switching: converging evidence from behavioral, brain activation, and model-based approaches, Frontiers in Psychology, 1 Article 25. ISSN 1664-1078 (2010) [Refereed Article]
Recent research has taken advantage of the temporal and spatial resolution of event-related
brain potentials (ERPs) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to identify the time course and neural circuitry of preparatory processes required to switch between different tasks. Here we overview some key findings contributing to understanding strategic processes in advance preparation. Findings from these methodologies are compatible with advance preparation conceptualized as a set of processes activated for both switch and repeat trials, but with substantial variability as a function of individual differences and task requirements. We then highlight new approaches that attempt to capitalize on this variability to link behavior and brain activation patterns. One approach examines correlations among behavioral, ERP and fMRI measures. A second "model-based" approach accounts for differences in preparatory processes by estimating quantitative model parameters that reflect latent psychological processes. We argue that integration of behavioral and neuroscientific methodologies is key to understanding the complex nature of advance preparation in task-switching.