Barasheed, O and Rashid, H and Heron, L and Ridda, I and Haworth, E and Nguyen-Van-Tam, J and Dwyer, DE and Booy, R, on behalf of the Hajj Research Team, Influenza Vaccination Among Australian Hajj Pilgrims: Uptake, Attitudes, and Barriers, Journal of Travel Medicine, 21, (6) pp. 384-390. ISSN 1195-1982 (2014) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2014 International Society of Travel Medicine
METHODS: Using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire, surveys were conducted in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, among Hajj pilgrims from Australia in 2011 and 2012. Pilgrims staying in "Australian" tents were recruited serially.
RESULTS: In 2011, 431 Australian pilgrims completed the survey-median age was 42 (range 7-86) years, 55% were male; 65% reported receiving influenza vaccine. In 2012, 535 pilgrims of median age 43 (range 12-83) years completed the survey, 62% were male; 89% reported receiving the vaccine. Both in 2011 and 2012, common reasons for not receiving the vaccine were the pilgrims' reliance on their "natural immunity" (33 and 26%, respectively, p = 0.4) and believing that they would rarely catch influenza or come in contact with influenza patients (18 and 29%, respectively, p = 0.1). In 2012, when asked why they had received the vaccine, 65% pilgrims responded that it was because of the tour group leaders' recommendation.
CONCLUSION: Influenza vaccine uptake among Australian Hajj pilgrims seems satisfactory and increasing but could be better because many pilgrims have misconceptions about vaccines. Tour operators may play a greater role in promoting vaccination.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Research Division:||Biomedical and Clinical Sciences|
|Research Group:||Clinical sciences|
|Research Field:||Infectious diseases|
|Objective Group:||Clinical health|
|Objective Field:||Clinical health not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Haworth, E (Dr Elizabeth Haworth)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||30|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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