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Fathers at Work: Work–Family Conflict, Work–Family Enrichment and Parenting in an Australian Cohort


Cooklin, AR and Westrupp, EM and Strazdins, L and Giallo, R and Martin, A and Nicholson, JM, Fathers at Work: Work-Family Conflict, Work-Family Enrichment and Parenting in an Australian Cohort, Journal of Family Issues pp. 1-25. ISSN 0192-513X (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 SAGE Publications

DOI: doi:10.1177/0192513X14553054


Contemporary fathering is characterized by the combined responsibilities of employment and parenting. Relationships between work–family conflict, work–family enrichment, and fathering behaviors have not been widely investigated. Secondary data from fathers of 4- to 5-year-old children participating in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children were analyzed (N = 2,679). Results revealed that higher work–family conflict was associated with irritable (β = .06, p < .001), less warm (β = −0.04, p < .01), inconsistent parenting (β = −.07, p < .001), when sociodemographic and child characteristics were controlled for. Protective associations were found between work–family enrichment and optimal parenting behaviors (β = .10 warmth; β = −.05 irritability, p < .01). These results were largely unchanged when mental health was included in analyses. Sole-earner fathers and those employed for long hours were most likely to report high work–family conflict. Findings provide impetus for workplace and public policy to extend optimal, family-friendly employment conditions to all parents, including fathers.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:fathers, parenting, work-family conflict, work-family enrichment, father mental health
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Mental health services
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)
Objective Field:Occupational health
UTAS Author:Martin, A (Professor Angela Martin)
ID Code:96338
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:TSBE
Deposited On:2014-10-31
Last Modified:2017-11-03

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