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Folate status and socio-demographic predictors of folate status, among a national cohort of women aged 26-36 in Australia, 2004-2006


Gall, S and Seal, J and Taylor, R and Dwyer, T and Venn, A, Folate status and socio-demographic predictors of folate status, among a national cohort of women aged 26-36 in Australia, 2004-2006, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 36, (5) pp. 421-426. ISSN 1326-0200 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 The Authors. ANZJPH 2012 Public Health Association of Australia

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1753-6405.2012.00910.x


Objective: To describe serum folate status and the socio-demographic correlates of serum folate status in a national sample of women aged 2636 years in Australia, 20042006.

Methods: Stored serum samples from 1,046 women, collected as part of the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health study, were analysed for serum folate.

Results: Median (IQR) serum folate was 27.1 nmol/L (18.835.0 nmol/L) with only 7.0% of samples below 11 nmol/L. Serum folate was positively associated with supplement use, educational level, occupational status and urban dwelling.

Conclusions: In this population-based sample, most women had folate levels in the normal range with few having low serum folate. Those of lower socioeconomic position or with poorer health behaviours had lower folate levels, though most were still within the normal range.

Implications: In the absence of comprehensive national survey data on the folate status of women of child-bearing age, these data provide a valuable baseline for evaluating the impact of mandatory folic acid fortification in Australia, which commenced in 2009. It is likely that mandatory fortification of the food supply with folic acid will reduce the disparities in folate status between socioeconomic groups and in people with poorer health behaviours.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:folate status, folic acid, mandatory fortification, women of child-bearing age
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)
Objective Field:Women's and maternal health
UTAS Author:Gall, S (Associate Professor Seana Gall)
UTAS Author:Venn, A (Professor Alison Venn)
ID Code:80003
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2012-10-17
Last Modified:2017-12-11

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