Ling, SD and Johnson, CR and Mundy, CN and Morris, A and Ross, DJ, Hotspots of exotic free-spawning sex: man-made environment facilitates success of an invasive seastar, Journal of Applied Ecology, 49, (3) pp. 733-741. ISSN 0021-8901 (2012) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2012 The Authors
2. As a free-spawning invertebrate, fertilization by A. amurensis is a critical life-history stage constrained by strong Allee effects. Eggs must be released in close proximity to sperm sources because the chances of achieving fertilization drastically reduce with increasing distances of spawner separation.
3. Investigation of zygote production in the Derwent Estuary using a spatially explicit model of free-spawning fertilization shows that A. amurensis at wharves, while representing < 10% of the total population in the estuary and concentrated in < 0.1% of the total area, may contribute > 90% of total zygote production. Given the seastars’ long-lived and highly dispersive larvae, we show that wharves not only represent important sites of invasion but also facilitate propagule pressure promoting secondary invasions.
4. Synthesis and applications. In the absence of effective pest control solutions, focusing on reproductive hotspots has the potential to reduce further spread of established marine pests and to alleviate ongoing ecological impacts. In the case of the northern Pacific seastar, elimination of highly localized wharf populations annually prior to spawning can reduce overall zygote production by up to estimated ~90%. The long-term protection of key sources of larval production is a common goal for marine reserve design and fisheries management. However, the same concept but in reverse, whereby larval production is minimized at key sources, could be effective in the management of introduced pests in subtidal marine environments.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Allee effect, anthropogenic habitat, artificial habitat, Asterias amurensis, coastal infrastructure, ecological restoration, fertilization modelling, free-spawning ecology, introduced marine pest, pest management|
|Research Division:||Biological Sciences|
|Research Field:||Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology)|
|Objective Division:||Environmental Management|
|Objective Group:||Marine systems and management|
|Objective Field:||Control of pests, diseases and exotic species in marine environments|
|UTAS Author:||Ling, SD (Dr Scott Ling)|
|UTAS Author:||Johnson, CR (Professor Craig Johnson)|
|UTAS Author:||Mundy, CN (Dr Craig Mundy)|
|UTAS Author:||Ross, DJ (Associate Professor Jeff Ross)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||14|
|Deposited By:||IMAS Research and Education Centre|
|Downloads:||6 View Download Statistics|
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