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Turbulence and Mean-Velocity Structure of Flows over Filamentous Biofilms


Andrewartha, JM and Sargison, JE, Turbulence and Mean-Velocity Structure of Flows over Filamentous Biofilms, Proceedings of the 34th IAHR World Congress, 26 June -1 July 2011, Brisbane, Australia, pp. 2225-2232. ISBN 978-0-85825-868-6 (2011) [Refereed Conference Paper]

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Copyright 2011 IAHR

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The growth of biofilms on ships and the walls of conduits causes drag penalties due to the increase in surface friction between the flow and the surface. Natural freshwater biofilms exist in different forms, including soft gelatinous slimes and filamentous streamers. The effect of filamentous biofilms on the physics of the flow and associated increases in drag was examined by developing an idealised biofilm consisting of artificial streamers, designed to mimic the filamentous component of naturally occurring biofilms. Changes to the flow structure were investigated using test plates inserted in a water tunnel fitted with a two-dimensional Laser Doppler Velocimetry system to obtain mean velocity and turbulence boundary layer profiles. Significant changes to the turbulence intensity and turbulent Reynolds stresses were measured over the entire boundary layer. The streamers also caused a thickening of the boundary layer, a 23% increase in local skin friction coefficient and increased wake strength.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:Biofilm, boundary layer, drag, streamer, turbulence
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Fluid mechanics and thermal engineering
Research Field:Turbulent flows
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in engineering
UTAS Author:Andrewartha, JM (Dr Jessica Walker)
UTAS Author:Sargison, JE (Dr Jane Sargison)
ID Code:76555
Year Published:2011
Deposited By:Engineering
Deposited On:2012-03-07
Last Modified:2014-08-28
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