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Magma chamber dynamics in a silicic LIP revealed by quartz: the Mesoproterozoic Gawler Range Volcanics


Agangi, A and McPhie, J and Kamenetsky, VS, Magma chamber dynamics in a silicic LIP revealed by quartz: the Mesoproterozoic Gawler Range Volcanics, Lithos: An International Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology, and Geochemistry, 126, (1-2) pp. 68-83. ISSN 0024-4937 (2011) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2011 Elsevier

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2011.06.005


Silicic-dominated large igneous provinces (SLIP) represent vast amounts of magma (105 km3) erupted onto the Earth's surface or injected into the crust over short time spans, and are important components of the continental crust. The conditions of formation and evolution of these large magmatic provinces and their magma chambers are still poorly constrained. In this contribution, we examine cathodoluminescence textures and trace element (Al, Ti, Fe) zoning of quartz in a Mesoproterozoic SLIP, the Gawler Range Volcanics (GRV), South Australia. We describe intra-granular textures such as truncation of growth textures and reverse zoning (rimwards increase of Ti content). These characteristics of quartz, together with remelting of already crystallised portions of the magma chamber (felsic enclaves), suggest a complex history of crystallisation and resorption, and fluctuating magma temperature. Titanium-in-quartz geothermometry indicates that adjacent quartz zones record temperature variations (T) up to 70 C in volcanic units. We also report contrasting (non-correlatable) zoning patterns amongst quartz crystals, each indicating different crystallisation conditions. The juxtaposition of quartz crystals with contrasting zoning patterns is consistent with a dynamic regime (convection, stirring, overturning) of the GRV magma chamber. These results point to pulsating magmatic conditions, compatible with a non-linear evolution of the GRV magma chamber. Heat, necessary to explain both intra-granular and infra-granular textural variations, may have been provided in different pulses by underplating of mafic magma.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:quartz cathodoluminescence rholite Gawler Range volcanics
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Volcanology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Agangi, A (Mr Andrea Agangi)
UTAS Author:McPhie, J (Professor Jocelyn McPhie)
UTAS Author:Kamenetsky, VS (Professor Vadim Kamenetsky)
ID Code:74069
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:17
Deposited By:Centre for Ore Deposit Research - CODES CoE
Deposited On:2011-11-10
Last Modified:2017-10-31

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