Plasma Hsp72 is higher in runners with more serious symptoms of exertional heat illness
Ruell, PA and Thompson, MW and Hoffman, KM and Brotherhood, JR and Richards, DAB, Plasma Hsp72 is higher in runners with more serious symptoms of exertional heat illness, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 97, (6) pp. 732-736. ISSN 1439-6327 (2006) [Refereed Article]
Exertional heat illness is a potentially fatal disorder that primarily affects fit young men. Plasma Hsp72 may be important in the aetiology of this disorder, acting as a danger signal to the organism and leading to an inflammatory response. The aim of this study was to determine whether patients with exertional heat illness following a 14 km run show a difference in their plasma Hsp72 concentration compared with control subjects who completed the event without incident. Patients (n = 22) and controls (n = 7) were all male. The patients were subdivided into two groups, one of which exhibited more serious symptoms indicating neurological impairment such as confusion (n = 13) (CNS) while the other group exhibited mild symptoms (MILD) (n = 9). The CNS group had a higher rectal temperature (T(rec)) compared with the control group (41.0 +/- 0.3 vs. 39.8 +/- 0.2 degrees C, P < 0.05, mean +/- SE). Immediately after the run plasma Hsp72 was higher in the CNS group compared to controls and patients with mild symptoms (37.9, 17.0, and 20.9 ng/ml, respectively, P < 0.005). There was a correlation between plasma Hsp72 and T(rec) measured immediately after the race (r = 0.597, P < 0.001, n = 29). However, core temperature was not the only factor leading to increased plasma Hsp72 immediately post race. Plasma Hsp72 was still higher in CNS patients compared with the control group (P < 0.05) when T(rec )was included as a covariate. In conclusion, plasma Hsp72 was elevated immediately after a 14 km run with higher levels in patients with more serious symptoms of heat illness.