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Land-based activities: what remains to be done


Williams, CH and Davis, BW, Land-based activities: what remains to be done, Ocean & Coastal Management, 29, (1-3) pp. 207-222. ISSN 0964-5691 (1996) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/0964-5691(96)00022-1


The Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA) represents an ambitious attempt to make the leap between the rhetoric of protecting and preserving the marine environment and action. With degradation of the marine environment from land based activities posing one of the most serious threats to the quality and productivity of the coastal and marine environment, the GPA can only be viewed as a milestone rather than a destination, as so much work remains to be done in this field. States supporting the GPA are entering the most challenging phase of the program, that of implementation. But the international community in taking on this challenge is not without a few signposts. The failure of the Montreal Guidelines to be implemented, provides States with many important lessons. This paper suggests that if the GPA is to have an impact on the complex problem of land-based activities then several tasks need to be grappled with. Substantial financial support needs to be generated, a proactive and cooperative secretariat established and the nexus between the GPA and United Nations Environment Programme Regional Seas Programme examined. The importance of people and training to the capacity building process needs to be recognised and a wider variety of stakeholders engaged in the follow up phase. Pivotal to the aforementioned is the need to generate political will to address the problem, without which the GPA will become yet another dusty volume on the bookshelf.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Indigenous Studies
Research Group:Other Indigenous studies
Research Field:Other Indigenous studies not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Other environmental management
Objective Field:Other environmental management not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Williams, CH (Ms Caroline Helen Williams)
UTAS Author:Davis, BW (Associate Professor Bruce Davis)
ID Code:7077
Year Published:1996
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:IASOS
Deposited On:1996-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-16

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