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Students' appreciation of expectation and variations as a foundation for statistical understanding


Watson, JM and Callingham, RA and Kelly, BA, Students' appreciation of expectation and variations as a foundation for statistical understanding, Mathematical thinking and learning, 9, (2) pp. 83-130. ISSN 1098-6065 (2007) [Refereed Article]

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This study presents the results of a partial credit Rasch analysis of in-depth interview data exploring statistical understanding of 73 school students in 6 contextual settings. The use of Rasch analysis allowed the exploration of a single underlying variable across contexts, which included probability sampling, representation of temperature change, beginning inference, independent events, the relationship of sample and population, and description of variation. Interpretation of the demands of increasing code levels for the resulting variable revealed an increasing appreciation of and interaction between the ideas of variation and expectation. Student progression in understanding is illustrated with kidmaps, and educational implications are considered.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Curriculum and pedagogy
Research Field:Mathematics and numeracy curriculum and pedagogy
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Other education and training
Objective Field:Other education and training not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Watson, JM (Professor Jane Watson)
UTAS Author:Callingham, RA (Associate Professor Rosemary Callingham)
UTAS Author:Kelly, BA (Mr Ben Kelly)
ID Code:49346
Year Published:2007
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2007-08-01
Last Modified:2012-03-01
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