An examination of the role of the digestive gland of two loliginid squids, with respect to lipid: storage or excretion?
Semmens, JM, An examination of the role of the digestive gland of two loliginid squids, with respect to lipid: storage or excretion?, Royal Society of London. Proceedings. Series B - Biological Sciences, 265, (1406) pp. 1685-1690. ISSN 0962-8452 (1998) [Refereed Article]
The role of the digestive gland, with respect to non-structural lipid, was examined using proximal analysis, histochemistry and quantitative histological techniques in the tropical loliginid squids Sepioteuthis lessoniana (Lesson) and Photololigo sp. The digestive gland of both species was characterized by large and numerous lipid droplets in the apical portion of the digestive cells and very few in the basal portion. The apical lipid droplets were released into the lumen of the gland and subsequently rapidly removed. Despite the numerous large apical lipid droplets, the lipid concentration in the digestive glands of S. lessoniana and Photololigo sp. was lower than that reported for most squid species. There was no relationship between lipid concentration and stage of digestion, suggesting that lipid is not stored in the gland after a meal. There was also no relationship between lipid concentration and the sex of an individual or stage of reproductive maturity, suggesting that these squids are not storing lipid in the digestive gland for use in fuelling reproductive maturation or providing an energy source for oocytes. I believe this study is the first to combine proximal analysis and quantitative histological techniques to examine the role of the squid digestive gland with respect to non-structural lipids. The results indicate that the digestive gland of these tropical loliginid squids is excreting, not storing, excess dietary lipid.