Morphological development of the swim bladder in hatchery-reared striped trumpeter
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Trotter, AJ and Pankhurst, PM and Battaglene, SC, Morphological development of the swim bladder in hatchery-reared striped trumpeter
Latris lineata , Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 20, (5) pp. 395-401. ISSN 0175-8659 (2004) [Refereed Article]
This study examined swim bladder morphogenesis in three cohorts of striped trumpeter (Latris lineata), a euphysoclist species with physostomous larvae. The swim bladder was first discernible 1-2 days after hatching as an evagination on the dorsal surface of the incipient digestive tract. It comprised a cluster of mesenchymal cells surrounding an inner primordium of epithelial cells. At mouth opening in larvae of 5.3 mm standard length (SL), the swim bladder was noticeably enlarged. Histologically, the swim bladder lumen was dilated and liquid filled. The pneumatic duct was first seen during the dilation stage and the rete mirabile began forming among the connective tissue surrounding the swim bladder. Initial swim bladder inflation occurred on day 11 post-hatching in Cohort 1, at 14°C, and day 9 post-hatching, in Cohorts 2 and 3, at 16°C. Histologically, the lumens of inflated swim bladders were ellipsoid and the epithelium was squamous, except for cuboidal gas gland cells at the anterio-ventral and anteriolateral regions of the swim bladder. During the initial inflation interval the pneumatic duct was dilated in larvae both with and without swim bladder inflation. The pneumatic duct began to regress in some larvae over 7.5 mm SL. The swim bladder of striped trumpeter was similar to larvae of other altricial perciform marine fish in respect to organ derivation, tissue differentiation, luminal dilation and initial gaseous inflation. However, variations, particularly the delay in initial swim bladder inflation until after the start of feeding, were observed that could be fundamental to problems encountered during larval rearing. © 2004 Blackwell Verlag, Berlin.
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