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Connecting to the oceans: supporting ocean literacy and public engagement

Citation

Kelly, R and Evans, K and Alexander, K and Bettiol, S and Corney, S and Cullen-Knox, C and Cvitanovic, C and de Salas, K and Emad, GR and Fullbrook, L and Garcia, C and Ison, S and Ling, S and MacLeod, C and Meyer, A and Murray, L and Murunga, M and Nash, KL and Norris, K and Oellermann, M and Scott, J and Stark, JS and Wood, G and Pecl, GT, Connecting to the oceans: supporting ocean literacy and public engagement, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries pp. 1-21. ISSN 0960-3166 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11160-020-09625-9

Abstract

Improved public understanding of the ocean and the importance of sustainable ocean use, or ocean literacy, is essential for achieving global commitments to sustainable development by 2030 and beyond. However, growing human populations (particularly in mega-cities), urbanisation and socio-economic disparity threaten opportunities for people to engage and connect directly with ocean environments. Thus, a major challenge in engaging the whole of society in achieving ocean sustainability by 2030 is to develop strategies to improve societal connections to the ocean. The concept of ocean literacy reflects public understanding of the ocean, but is also an indication of connections to, and attitudes and behaviours towards, the ocean. Improving and progressing global ocean literacy has potential to catalyse the behaviour changes necessary for achieving a sustainable future. As part of the Future Seas project (https://futureseas2030.org/), this paper aims to synthesise knowledge and perspectives on ocean literacy from a range of disciplines, including but not exclusive to marine biology, socio-ecology, philosophy, technology, psychology, oceanography and human health. Using examples from the literature, we outline the potential for positive change towards a sustainable future based on knowledge that already exists. We focus on four drivers that can influence and improve ocean literacy and societal connections to the ocean: (1) education, (2) cultural connections, (3) technological developments, and (4) knowledge exchange and science-policy interconnections. We explore how each driver plays a role in improving perceptions of the ocean to engender more widespread societal support for effective ocean management and conservation. In doing so, we develop an ocean literacy toolkit, a practical resource for enhancing ocean connections across a broad range of contexts worldwide.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ocean literacy, interdisciplinary, Future Seas, communication, education, sustainable 2030
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Other environmental sciences
Research Field:Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Marine systems and management not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Kelly, R (Ms Rachel Kelly)
UTAS Author:Alexander, K (Dr Karen Alexander)
UTAS Author:Bettiol, S (Dr Silvana Bettiol)
UTAS Author:Corney, S (Dr Stuart Corney)
UTAS Author:Cullen-Knox, C (Ms Coco Cullen-Knox)
UTAS Author:Cvitanovic, C (Dr Christopher Cvitanovic)
UTAS Author:de Salas, K (Associate Professor Kristy de Salas)
UTAS Author:Emad, GR (Dr Reza Emad)
UTAS Author:Fullbrook, L (Mr Liam Fullbrook)
UTAS Author:Garcia, C (Mrs Carolina Garcia Imhof)
UTAS Author:Ison, S (Ms Sierra Ison)
UTAS Author:Ling, S (Dr Scott Ling)
UTAS Author:MacLeod, C (Associate Professor Catriona MacLeod)
UTAS Author:Meyer, A (Dr Amelie Meyer)
UTAS Author:Murunga, M (Mr Michael Murunga)
UTAS Author:Nash, KL (Dr Kirsty Nash)
UTAS Author:Norris, K (Professor Kimberley Norris)
UTAS Author:Oellermann, M (Dr Michael Oellermann)
UTAS Author:Scott, J (Ms Jennifer Scott)
UTAS Author:Wood, G (Dr Graham Wood)
UTAS Author:Pecl, GT (Professor Gretta Pecl)
ID Code:142888
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Fisheries and Aquaculture
Deposited On:2021-02-15
Last Modified:2021-06-10
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