eCite Digital Repository

Investigating Malaysian undergraduates' online research performance in embracing education 4.0


Sain, N and Nawi, SM and Yusof, GK and Sidhu, GK and Bown, A and Fluck, A, Investigating Malaysian undergraduates' online research performance in embracing education 4.0, Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Education & Languages for Students & Adults Learners (ELSA 2019), 17-18 September 2019, Perak, Malaysia, pp. 44-62. ISBN 978-967-5741-87-6 (2019) [Refereed Conference Paper]

Restricted - Request a copy

Copyright Statement

Copyright unknown

Official URL:


In realising the vision of Education 4.0, there is a critical call to develop 21st century learning skills among learners especially in the higher education institutions. With the Internet becoming part and parcel of teaching and learning, learners need to develop digital literacy to exploit the abundant informational resources and learning opportunities available online. However, in second language (L2) learning, there is little research in digital literacy especially where online research and comprehension strategy performance is concerned. Therefore, this study investigated the current online research and comprehension capability of ESL undergraduates at a public university in Malaysia. 104 first year university students participated in this quantitative study which adapted an online performance-based assessment revised by Kingsley (2012), intended to measure online comprehension and research skills by requiring students to carry out actual online research during laboratory classroom sessions. Analysis of the online test results showed that the Malaysian undergraduates performed rather poorly during the assessment. This suggests that educators need to equip their learners with online research and comprehension training in building the students' 21st century learning skills and strategies that are key to Education 4.0. The findings provide initial support that online research and comprehension strategies training can be effective in improving online research skills.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:21st century learning skills, digital literacy, Education 4.0, ESL learners
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Specialist studies in education
Research Field:Educational technology and computing
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Other education and training
Objective Field:Other education and training not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Sain, N (Mrs Noridah Sain)
UTAS Author:Bown, A (Dr Andy Bown)
UTAS Author:Fluck, A (Associate Professor Andrew Fluck)
ID Code:142135
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2020-12-15
Last Modified:2021-01-04

Repository Staff Only: item control page