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Evolution of the southwest Australian rifted continental margin during breakup of East Gondwana: results from International Ocean Discovery Program Expedition 369

Citation

Harry, DL and Tejada, MLG and Lee, EY and Wolfgring, E and Wainman, CC and Brumsack, H-J and Schnetger, B and Kimura, J-I and Riquier, L and Borissova, I and Hobbs, RW and Jiang, T and Li, Y-X and Maritati, A and Martinez, M and Richter, C and Tagliaro, G and White, LT, Evolution of the southwest Australian rifted continental margin during breakup of East Gondwana: results from International Ocean Discovery Program Expedition 369, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 21, (12) Article e2020GC009144. ISSN 1525-2027 (2020) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2020. American Geophysical Union.All Rights Reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1029/2020GC009144

Abstract

nternational Ocean Discovery Program Expedition 369 drilled four sites on the southwestern Australian continental margin, in the deep water Mentelle Basin (MB) and on the neighboring Naturaliste Plateau (NP). The drillsites are located on continental crust that continued rifting after seafloor spreading began further north on the Perth Abyssal Plain (PAP) between magnetochrons M11r and M11n (133132 Ma), ending when spreading began west of the NP between chrons M5n and M3n (126124 Ma). Drilling recovered the first in situ samples of basalt flows overlying the breakup unconformity on the NP, establishing a magnetostratigraphically constrained eruption age of >131133 Ma, and confirming a minimal late Valanginian age for the breakup unconformity (coeval with the onset of PAP seafloor spreading). Petrogenetic modeling indicates the basalts were generated by 25% melting at 1.5 GPa and a potential temperature of 1380C1410C, consistent with proximity of the Kerguelen plume during breakup. Benthic foraminiferal fossils indicate that the NP remained at upper bathyal or shallower depths during the last 6 Myr of rifting and for 35 Myr after breakup between India and Australia. The limited subsidence is attributed to heat from the nearby Kerguelen plume and PAP spreading ridge. The margin subsided to middle bathyal depths by Albian time and to lower bathyal (NP) or greater (MB) depths by late Paleogene time. Periods of rapid sedimentation accompanied a westward jump of the PAP spreading ridge (108 Ma), rifting on the southern margin (10084 Ma), and opening of the southern seaway between Australia and Antarctica (6047 Ma).

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Gondwana, Indian Ocean, continental rifting, passive margin, Australia, ocean drilling
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Structural geology and tectonics
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Maritati, A (Mr Alessandro Maritati)
ID Code:142092
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2020-12-11
Last Modified:2021-04-28
Downloads:2 View Download Statistics

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