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Low-dose foliar treatments of the auxin analog 2,4-D reduce potato common scab and powdery scab for multiple potato cultivars and enhance root development

Citation

Clarke, CR and Tegg, RS and Thompson, HK and Frederick, C and Haynes, KG and Kramer, M and Wilson, CR, Low-dose foliar treatments of the auxin analog 2,4-D reduce potato common scab and powdery scab for multiple potato cultivars and enhance root development, Crop Protection, 136 Article 105208. ISSN 0261-2194 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2020.105208

Abstract

Common scab and powdery scab are major soilborne diseases of potato (Solanum tuberosum). The agricultural cost of both diseases is due to discounting or rejection of infected seed tubers or the formation of lesions on the surface of the tubers that make them unmarketable or, for powdery scab, yield loss. There are no widely accessible and efficacious disease management options for either common scab or powdery scab. In prior work, low-dose foliar treatment with the auxin analog herbicide 2,4-D has been shown to reduce common scab severity of select S. tuberosum cultivars in field and greenhouse settings. In the present study, we address the broad applicability of 2,4-D in disease management by testing the efficacy of 2,4-D treatment across diverse potato cultivars and in suppressing multiple scab diseases of potato. Specifically, we tested whether low-dose 2,4-D treatment is broadly efficacious on multiple white potato cultivars used in Eastern United States potato production. Additionally, we sought to determine whether 2,4-D is efficacious for mitigating powdery scab for Russet Burbank potatoes in a commercial field setting. In two years of field trials, low-dose foliar 2,4-D treatment significantly reduced common scab of all tested potato cultivars with no impact on total tuber yield. In two years of field trials in Tasmania, Australia, low-dose foliar 2,4-D treatment also reduced powdery scab of Russet Burbank potato with no impact on total tuber yield while stimulating potato plant root growth. The ability of 2,4-D to suppress two major tuber diseases and stimulate potato root growth warrants further investigation and optimization for integration into commercial growing systems.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Streptomyces scabiei, Spongospora subterranea, 2,4-D, disease management, root development, tuber yield, auxin, thaxtomin, common scab, potato roots
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Horticultural production
Research Field:Horticultural crop protection (incl. pests, diseases and weeds)
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Horticultural crops
Objective Field:Field grown vegetable crops
UTAS Author:Tegg, RS (Dr Robert Tegg)
UTAS Author:Thompson, HK (Dr Hannah Thompson)
UTAS Author:Wilson, CR (Professor Calum Wilson)
ID Code:139090
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:TIA - Research Institute
Deposited On:2020-05-26
Last Modified:2020-07-22
Downloads:0

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