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Bio-fabrication with mycelium and kelp

Citation

Hornblow, M and Power, J and Huo, J and Low, JJ and Ouyang, H and Pan, J and Tay, WP and Yong, E, Bio-fabrication with mycelium and kelp, University of Melbourne, Melbourne School of Design, pp. 28 (2020) [Minor Creative Work]


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Abstract

Bio-design is an emergent and rapidly growing design paradigm that extends beyond biomimicry. Instead of simply being inspired by nature and its processes, bio-design incorporates living materials and processes into the design. As a result, the materials and the final design itself may be quite literally grown. Bio-design offers a process to harness biological organisms such as yeast, bacteria, fungi and algae. In this new way of designing and manufacturing, "Life is increasingly seen as the new frontier for exploitation; from industrial framing through in-vitro meat and bio-prospecting to synthetic biology, life is extracted from its natural context into the realm of the manufactured" (Catts and Zurr, 2013, p. 72). This presents opportunities for architects and designers to employ an extended palette of materials and engage in collaborations across disciplinary spheres.

The work on display has been produced by final-year 2019 Master of Architecture advanced design research students. In a unit that partners budding research students with research studio leaders, the research question and scope are developed in a team-based context. This work extends previous multidisciplinary and collaborative research in bio-design by the academic leads that began with exploration of Symbiotic Colony of Bacteria and Yeast (SCOBY). The extended suite of materials has shifted in this iteration to focus on mycelium (mushroom) and kelp (an important local resource).

Mycelium and kelp have multiple benefits for the designer in terms of aesthetics, cost, sustainability, and various material performance capacities. Many examples of bio-fabrication in architecture focus on the finished output the hero shot image of a completed design or artefact. The significance of this research and prototyping is the focus on de-mystifying the growing processes and the sampling needed to reach an end goal. The instruction manual outlines the steps for growing and testing the materials, in an attempt to share and allow others to join the burgeoning bio-fabrication community. The magnified photographs of the mycelium and kelp provide an insight into what takes place at a microscopic level.

The work on display is a small portion of what was produced during the year-long material sampling and design ideation. Other outputs (not on display here) included physical samples, to enable the haptic qualities of the materials to be experienced; an Instagram account, with workshop photographs and videos of the process; and, a set of design guidelines to provide advice for use of the materials for producing a temporary biomaterial pavilion.

Item Details

Item Type:Minor Creative Work
Keywords:biofabrication, mycelium, kelp, biodesign
Research Division:Built Environment and Design
Research Group:Design
Research Field:Interaction and experience design
Objective Division:Manufacturing
Objective Group:Environmentally sustainable manufacturing activities
Objective Field:Environmentally sustainable manufacturing activities not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Hornblow, M (Dr Michael Hornblow)
UTAS Author:Power, J (Dr Jacqueline Power)
ID Code:137886
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Architecture and Design
Deposited On:2020-03-11
Last Modified:2020-03-11
Downloads:7 View Download Statistics

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