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On the swimming of fish like bodies near free and fixed boundaries


Kajtar, JB and Monaghan, JJ, On the swimming of fish like bodies near free and fixed boundaries, European Journal of Mechanics B - Fluids, 33 pp. 1-13. ISSN 0997-7546 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Crown Copyright

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.euromechflu.2011.12.005


In this paper, we study the two dimensional motion of three linked rigid bodies moving through a fluid which may be infinite in extent or confined to a tank under gravity with Reynolds number in the range . The motion of the bodies is determined by specifying the angles between them as functions of time so that the resultant motion mimics the swimming of fish. In contrast to previous simulations, the bodies are connected by an elastic skin that alters the flow around them and gives the appearance, and some of the properties, of swimming fish. We show that, as expected, the presence of the skin reduces the energy required to move the linked body system a specified distance in a specified time. We simulate the system with the particle method Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH), using three types of particles: fluid particles, boundary force particles, and skin particles. These particles interact by means of pair forces along their line of centres. Our treatment of the rigid and elastic boundaries is related to the immersed boundary method, but differs from it in detail. We compare the motion of rigid bodies with and without skin and determine how the speed and power output depends on the presence or absence of skin, and whether the bodies are more like an eel or a mackerel. We apply our model to study swimming under gravity near a free surface or a rigid bottom boundary in a tank and determine the scaling relations for the speed and power generated. The scaling relation for speed is remarkably similar to that known for aquatic swimming. The optimum strategy for the gait we use, measured in terms of least energy per unit distance, is to swim as close as possible to the free surface without causing large wave breaking. The algorithm is simple and robust and can be applied to bodies of arbitrary shape.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:SPH, swimming, linked bodies, fish, free surface
Research Division:Mathematical Sciences
Research Group:Numerical and computational mathematics
Research Field:Numerical solution of differential and integral equations
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the mathematical sciences
UTAS Author:Kajtar, JB (Dr Jules Kajtar)
ID Code:137753
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:15
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2020-03-03
Last Modified:2020-07-28

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