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Comparison of the effectiveness of a 12 step substance use recovery program on quality of life


Mokhtari, MR and Alavi, M and Pahlavanzadeh, S and Weimand, BM and Visentin, D and Cleary, M, Comparison of the effectiveness of a 12 step substance use recovery program on quality of life, Nursing and Health Sciences, 22, (2) pp. 390- 397. ISSN 1441-0745 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd

DOI: doi:10.1111/nhs.12668


Substance-related disorders can adversely impact quality of life. This study assessed a 12 step program on health-related quality of life for Iranian individuals seeking to recover from substance use. The study used a quasi-experimental, two group, three stage, pre- and post-test design and collected data at baseline, and at 1 and 3 months’ post-intervention. The treatment group comprised 35 participants in a 12 step program with a non-equivalent comparison group of individuals admitted to addiction treatment centers. Physical and mental health quality-of-life domains were assessed using the Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire. The treatment group improved in all aspects of health-related quality of life. The treatment group improved compared to the comparison group for two of eight quality of life dimensions – physical functioning and role limitations due to emotional problems – at 1 month post-intervention. There were additional improvements at 3 months’ follow up in six of eight quality-of-life subscales compared to the comparison group. The benefits to quality of life related to mental health recovery extended beyond the treatment program, indicating that the program principles were effectively implemented in daily life.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:health-related quality of life, Iran, mental health recovery, substance-related disorder
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Mental health services
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Provision of health and support services
Objective Field:Mental health services
UTAS Author:Visentin, D (Dr Denis Visentin)
UTAS Author:Cleary, M (Professor Michelle Cleary)
ID Code:136300
Year Published:2020 (online first 2019)
Deposited By:Nursing
Deposited On:2019-12-13
Last Modified:2020-07-28

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