Lamarche, G and Ladroit, Y and Le Gonidec, Y and Lucieer, V and Weber, T and Gaillot, A and Gerring, P and Heffron, E and Lassalle, C and Mitchel, G and Nau, A and Pallentin, A and Poncelet, C and Quinn, W and Ray, C and Spain, E and Urban, P and Watson, S and Wilson, K and Weidner, E, Quantitative ocean-column acoustic imaging over the Calypso Hydrothermal Vent Field, Bay of Plenty: first results from R.V. Tangaroa TAN1806-QUOI Voyage, Abstracts from the New Zealand Geosciences Conference, 27-29 November 2018, Napier, New Zealand (2018) [Conference Extract]
Six complex experiments were designed (1) Calibration and cross calibration of two multibeam and six split-beam echosounders systems (SBES) providing 38, 70, 120, and 200 kHz frequencies; (2) multibeam surveys with 75% and 95% swath footprint overlap on natural seeps and bubbles generated using a synthetic seep generator (aka bubble maker), allowing us to model the angular response of seafloor and water-column backscatter, and sidelobe interference; (3) a multi-angle survey over synthetic and natural bubbles using a hull-mounted pan&tilt device; (4) an horizontally looking SBES for lateral observation of bubble streams; (5) a 5 days passive acoustic recording at the northern CHVF; (6) video footage, sediment and water samples for signal validation.p> The different frequencies shows strikingly different acoustic responses demonstrating the potential of multi-frequency and wideband data for analysis of gas bubbles. Correlating acoustic frequency responses with physical parameters (depth, temperature, salinity) will enables us to estimate bubble-size distributions and flux rates (rising speed). When coupled with video observations and water sample analysis, these methodologies enhance our ability to model gas flux for discrete areas of seafloor. Preliminary results show potential for the development of automated methods to extract estimates from water column acoustic data in real time.
The survey demonstrated that acoustic means can be used to differentiate spatially coincident gas bubbles (here methane and CO2). Such methods could be applied to other targets such as freshwater streams.
|Item Type:||Conference Extract|
|Keywords:||multibeam acoustic backscatter, acoustic water column|
|Research Group:||Geomatic engineering|
|Research Field:||Surveying (incl. hydrographic surveying)|
|Objective Division:||Environmental Management|
|Objective Group:||Terrestrial systems and management|
|Objective Field:||Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems|
|UTAS Author:||Lucieer, V (Dr Vanessa Lucieer)|
|UTAS Author:||Nau, A (Dr Amy Nau)|
|UTAS Author:||Spain, E (Ms Erica Spain)|
|Deposited By:||Ecology and Biodiversity|
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