A new wave of marine evidence-based management: emerging challenges and solutions to transform monitoring, evaluating and reporting
Addison, PFE and Collins, DJ and Trebilco, R and Howe, S and Bax, N and Hedge, P and Jones, G and Miloslavich, P and Roelfsema, C and Sams, M and Stuart-Smith, RD and Scanes, P and von Baumgarten, P and McQuatters-Gollop, A, A new wave of marine evidence-based management: emerging challenges and solutions to transform monitoring, evaluating and reporting, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 75, (3) pp. 941-952. ISSN 1054-3139 (2018) [Refereed Article]
Sustainable management and conservation of the world’s oceans requires effective monitoring, evaluation and reporting. Despite the growing political and social imperative for these activities, there are some persistent and emerging challenges that marine practitioners face in undertaking these activities. In 2015, a diverse group of marine practitioners came together to discuss the emerging challenges associated with marine monitoring, evaluation and reporting, and potential solutions to address these challenges. Three emerging challenges were identified: (1) the need to incorporate environmental, social and economic dimensions in evaluation and reporting; (2) the implications of big data, creating challenges in data management and interpretation; and, (3) dealing with uncertainty throughout monitoring, evaluation and reporting activities. We point to key solutions to address these challenges across monitoring, evaluation and reporting activities: 1) integrating models into marine management systems to help understand, interpret, and manage the environmental and socio-economic dimensions of uncertain and complex marine systems; 2) utilising big data sources and new technologies to collect, process, store, and analyse data; and 3) applying approaches to evaluate, account for, and report on the multiple sources and types of uncertainty. These solutions point towards a potential for a new wave of evidence-based marine management, through more innovative monitoring, rigorous evaluation and transparent reporting. Effective collaboration and institutional support across the science–management–policy interface will be crucial to deal with emerging challenges, and implement the tools and approaches embedded within these solutions.