eCite Digital Repository

The Pacific Island Region: Fisheries, Aquaculture and Climate Change


Johnson, JE and Bell, JD and Allain, V and Hanich, Q and Lehodey, P and Moore, BR and Nicol, S and Pickering, T and Senina, I, The Pacific Island Region: Fisheries, Aquaculture and Climate Change, Climate Change Impacts on Fisheries and Aquaculture: A Global Analysis, John Wiley and Sons Inc., BF Phillips, M Perez-Ramirez (ed), New Jersey, USA, pp. 333-379. ISBN 9781119154044 (2018) [Research Book Chapter]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1002/9781119154051.ch11


In the Pacific Islands region, fisheries and aquaculture make vital contributions to economic development, government revenue, food security and livelihoods. Climate change is expected to have profound effects on the status and distribution of coastal and oceanic habitats, the fish and invertebrates they support and, as a result, the productivity of fisheries and aquaculture. In particular, declines in the productivity of demersal and invertebrate coastal fisheries, and more eastward distribution of tuna, are expected to present the greatest challenges for reef-dependent communities and economies. Some aquaculture commodities, such as species with calcareous shells, will also be impacted by climate change and ocean acidification. Based on preliminary tuna distribution modeling, Kiribati, Tuvalu, Tokelau, Cook Islands and French Polynesia are likely to have future opportunities to increase access fees from foreign fishing vessels and gain further benefits through greater engagement in the value chain. However, the progressive eastward shift in skipjack tuna could have some negative effects on the contributions of tuna fishing to government revenue, and tuna processing to GDP, for nations in the western Pacific. Climate change also has significant implications for food security and livelihoods. The projected decreases in coastal fisheries production will widen the gap between fish available for growing human populations and sustainable harvests, with shortages expected in some Pacific nations by 2035. There will also be a need to diversify livelihoods among fisheries and aquaculture operations in the region as some are negatively affected, and others favored, by global warming and ocean acidification. In some cases, building the resilience of coastal communities to climate change will involve reducing dependence on marine resources.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:climate change, Pacific, fisheries, aquaculture, coral reefs, tuna
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Climate change impacts and adaptation
Research Field:Ecological impacts of climate change and ecological adaptation
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Effects of climate change on the South Pacific (excl. Australia and New Zealand) (excl. social impacts)
UTAS Author:Moore, BR (Dr Bradley Moore)
ID Code:121667
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2017-10-10
Last Modified:2018-10-01

Repository Staff Only: item control page