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A critical examination of the seafaring English education and training in China


Fan, L and Fei, J and Schriever, U and Fan, Si, A critical examination of the seafaring English education and training in China, Marine Policy, 86 pp. 56-63. ISSN 0308-597X (2017) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2017 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2017.09.013


The increased maritime accidents attributable to communication barriers have raised great concern about international shipping safety. The requirement for effective communication has been contained in the compulsory part of the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers in 2010. However, many Chinese seafarers still experience difficulty in communicating with foreign seafarers at sea even though they passed the English exams required for a Certificate of Competency. Literature argues that the outcomes of maritime English education are not satisfactory. However, this claim is too general and has not been substantiated with empirical evidence. Using a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods, this paper reveals that English communicative incompetence of Chinese seafarers was attributable to the maritime English examinations system, teaching materials, teaching methods and teachers and students themselves. Recommendations were made to improve maritime cadetsí English communicative competence.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:communicative competence, Chinese seafarers, communication barriers, maritime English education and training
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Transportation, logistics and supply chains
Research Field:Transportation, logistics and supply chains not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Transport
Objective Group:Water transport
Objective Field:Water safety
UTAS Author:Fan, L (Mr Lidong Fan)
UTAS Author:Fei, J (Associate Professor Jiangang Fei)
UTAS Author:Schriever, U (Dr Ulf Schriever)
UTAS Author:Fan, Si (Dr Frances Fan)
ID Code:121275
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Maritime and Logistics Management
Deposited On:2017-09-20
Last Modified:2018-03-29

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