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Predicting Waste Properties Using the Geochemistry-Mineralogy-Texture-Geometallurgy Approach


Parbhakar-Fox, A, Predicting Waste Properties Using the Geochemistry-Mineralogy-Texture-Geometallurgy Approach, Environmental Indicators in Metal Mining, Springer International Publishing, B Lottermoser (ed), Switzerland, pp. 73-96. ISBN 978-3-319-42729-4 (2017) [Research Book Chapter]

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Copyright 2017 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

DOI: doi:10.1007/978-3-319-42731-7_5


Established protocols for predicting acid rock drainage (ARD) principally utilise geochemical testwork for classifying waste materials. However, ARD formation is dictated by the mineralogy of the sampled material, and indeed textural relationships of both acid forming and neutralizing mineral phases present. In order for such characteristics to be understood, a logical and structured approach to ARD prediction must be adopted. Motivated by this, the three-stage geochemistry-mineralogy-texture-geometallurgy (GMTG) approach was developed. This integrates a range of techniques, with the resulting sample classification based on diverse analyses. This intends to eradicate the possibility of identifying samples as 'uncertain' as is the case with established protocols. At stage one, termed 'pre-screening' simple tools including paste pH, portable XRF, measurement of sulfur, environmental logging and geometallurgical techniques are used. Samples identified as inert (non-acid forming, non-metalliferous) are not prioritized for further testing. At stage-two termed 'screening', established screening tools are used including net acid producing potential (NAPP) and net acid generation (NAG) tests with samples classified by establish criteria. At stage three, termed 'defining', only samples identified as acid forming are subjected to in-depth characterization to identify controls on oxidation, as well as advanced geochemical tests to confirm classifications assigned at the conclusion of stage-two. The GMTG approach has potential applications at operations that are at the early life-of-mine (e.g. prefeasibility) and also post-closure phase (e.g. abandoned sites).

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:acid mine drainage, mine waste management, sufide oxidation, mining
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Geology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Evaluation, allocation, and impacts of land use
UTAS Author:Parbhakar-Fox, A (Dr Anita Parbhakar-Fox)
ID Code:112018
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:CODES ARC
Deposited On:2016-10-21
Last Modified:2018-04-23

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