Khan, S and Khalid, T and Awan, KH, Chronic periodontitis and smoking: Prevalence and dose-response relationship, Saudi Medical Journal, 37, (8) pp. 889-894. ISSN 0379-5284 (2016) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2016 Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study among participants seeking dental care in Karachi Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan. A total of 443 participants with a mean age of 44.3 (± 6.5) participated in the study from April 2011 to December 2011. Males comprised 64.7%, and females comprised 35.2%. Participants were interviewed on social demographics and oral habits. Participants with shallow pockets (3.5-5.5 mm) and deep pockets (greater than 5.5 mm) were considered suffering from chronic periodontitis. The characteristics of participants were assessed using frequency distribution for categorical variables and mean (standard deviation) for continuous variables.
Results: Among 443 participants, smokers were distributed as 55.1% and non-smokers as 44.9%. Smoking was found to be significantly related to young adults (p < 0.007), male gender (p < 0.001), and lower education level (p < 0.01). Overall prevalence of chronic periodontitis among smokers was estimated at 81.6%. Heavy smoking was found to have significantly high prevalence (p < 0.001) and severity (p < 0.001) of periodontitis as compared with moderate and light smokers. The multivariate unadjusted model depicted 3.5 times higher risk of chronic periodontitis among smokers (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: Chronic periodontitis had a high prevalence among smokers. Heavy smoking was found to have a higher risk for having periodontitis.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||periodontal disease, smoking, oral health, tobacco|
|Research Division:||Biomedical and Clinical Sciences|
|Objective Group:||Public health (excl. specific population health)|
|Objective Field:||Dental health|
|UTAS Author:||Khan, S (Dr Shahrukh Khan)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||16|
|Deposited By:||UTAS Centre for Rural Health|
|Downloads:||183 View Download Statistics|
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