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The association of socioeconomic status and dental caries experience in children in Dili, Timor-Leste


Babo Soares, LF and Allen, P and Bettiol, S and Crocombe, L, The association of socioeconomic status and dental caries experience in children in Dili, Timor-Leste, Asia-Pacific journal of public health, 28, (7) pp. 620-628. ISSN 1010-5395 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

copyright 2016 APJPH

DOI: doi:10.1177/1010539516667783


Timor-Leste is one of the poorest countries in the world. The aim of this article was to investigate the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and dental caries experience in children living in Dili. Four out of 6 Dili subdistricts and 40 schools were randomly selected. Equal numbers of school children from 4 age groups (6-8, 9-11, 12-14, 15-17 years) were invited to participate. Data were gathered via a questionnaire and an oral examination by dental practitioners. In bivariate analysis, decayed, missing, and filled teeth index for deciduous + permanent teeth (dmft) was higher in children from mid- to high-SES than low-SES schools (1.1, 2.2, P = 0.001). With age, having had a toothache and dental visiting in the past 12 months in the multivariable model, higher dmft was found in children from mid- to high- to low-SES schools (P < 0.001). The primary dental caries experience was greater among children from mid- to high- than low-SES schools, which may be explained by high sugar consumption.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:child health, community dentistry/oral health, family medicine, health management, health promotion, inequalities in health, oral health care, population health, public health
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Public health
Research Field:Community child health
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Dental health
UTAS Author:Babo Soares, LF (Mr Lucio Babo Soares)
UTAS Author:Allen, P (Dr Penny Allen)
UTAS Author:Bettiol, S (Dr Silvana Bettiol)
UTAS Author:Crocombe, L (Associate Professor Leonard Crocombe)
ID Code:111478
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:UTAS Centre for Rural Health
Deposited On:2016-09-15
Last Modified:2017-11-02

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