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Tasmanian macular hole study: whole population-based incidence of full thickness macular hole


Darian-Smith, E and Howie, AR and Allen, PL and Vote, BJ, Tasmanian macular hole study: whole population-based incidence of full thickness macular hole, Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 44, (9) pp. 812-816. ISSN 1442-9071 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists

DOI: doi:10.1111/ceo.12801


Purpose: To determine the incidence of full thickness macular hole in the Tasmanian population.

Design: A whole population retrospective case series in Tasmania, Australia.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with full thickness macular hole (confirmed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging) of both idiopathic and secondary causes were identified from April 2005 to April 2011 by a sole vitreoretinal surgeon servicing Tasmania. Baseline characteristics were recorded. The six-year incidence rate was calculated, based on the 2006 and 2011 Tasmanian census data. Incidence rates were age and sex standardized.

Participants: One hundred forty-seven eyes of 136 patients.

Main Outcome Measures: To determine the incidence (age and sex standardized) of full thickness macular holes in Tasmania, Australia.

Results: Idiopathic macular holes comprised 128 (87.1%). There were 116 cases of idiopathic Full Thickness Macular Hole in one or both eyes between 1 April 2005 and 31 April 2011. The six-year incidence of idiopathic full-thickness macular holes was 24.3 per 100 000 people, 4.05 per 100 000 per year, with the highest six-year incidence observed among women aged 70-79 years.

Conclusion: This is the first global study to report OCT confirmed incidence rates of full thickness macular holes in a relatively static Australian population sub-group.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:full thickness macular hole, incidence, Tasmania, population-based incidence
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Ophthalmology and optometry
Research Field:Ophthalmology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Darian-Smith, E (Dr Erica Darian-Smith)
UTAS Author:Howie, AR (Dr Allister Howie)
UTAS Author:Allen, PL (Dr Penny Allen)
ID Code:111197
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Rural Clinical School
Deposited On:2016-09-02
Last Modified:2017-11-07

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