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Fruit and vegetable consumption in Vietnam, and the use of a ‘standard serving’ size to measure intake


Bui, TV and Blizzard, CL and Luong, KN and Truong, NLV and Tran, BQ and Otahal, P and Srikanth, V and Nelson, MR and Au, TB and Ha, ST and Phung, HN and Tran, MH and Callisaya, M and Smith, K and Gall, S, Fruit and vegetable consumption in Vietnam, and the use of a standard serving' size to measure intake, The British Journal of Nutrition, 116, (1) pp. 149-157. ISSN 0007-1145 (2016) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

© The Authors 2016

DOI: doi:10.1017/S0007114516001690


The aims of the present study were to provide nationally representative data on fruit and vegetable consumption in Vietnam, and to assess the accuracy of the reported numbers of 'standard servings' consumed. Data analysed were from a multi-stage stratified cluster survey of 14 706 participants (46·5 % males, response proportion 64·1 %) aged 25-64 years in Vietnam. Measurements were made in accordance with the WHO STEPwise approach to surveillance of non-communicable diseases (STEPS) protocols. Approximately 80 % of Vietnamese people reported having less than five servings of fruit and vegetables daily in a typical week. Fruit and vegetable intake reported in 'standard serving' sizes was positively correlated with levels of education completed and household income (P <0·001 for trend). The correlations between summary values for each province reflect some known demographic, geographical and climatic characteristics of the country. For example, provinces at higher latitude had higher mean servings of vegetables (r 0·90), and provinces with higher proportions of urban population had higher mean servings of fruit (r 0·40). In conclusion, about eight in ten Vietnamese people aged 25-64 years did not meet WHO recommendations for daily consumption of at least five servings of fruit and vegetables. On the basis of the consistency of the data collected with other estimates and with physical and demographic characteristics of the country, the WHO STEPS instrument has construct validity for measuring fruit and vegetable intake, but with two issues identified. The issues were seasonal variation in reporting and a limitation on the usefulness of the information for associative analyses.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Fruit and vegetable consumption, Self-report, Standard serving sizes, BMI, Validation
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Schools and learning environments
Objective Field:Inclusive education
UTAS Author:Bui, TV (Mr Tan Bui)
UTAS Author:Blizzard, CL (Professor Leigh Blizzard)
UTAS Author:Otahal, P (Mr Petr Otahal)
UTAS Author:Srikanth, V (Dr Velandai Srikanth)
UTAS Author:Nelson, MR (Professor Mark Nelson)
UTAS Author:Au, TB (Dr Thuy Au)
UTAS Author:Phung, HN (Dr Hai Phung)
UTAS Author:Tran, MH (Dr Mai Tran)
UTAS Author:Callisaya, M (Dr Michele Callisaya)
UTAS Author:Smith, K (Dr Kylie Smith)
UTAS Author:Gall, S (Associate Professor Seana Gall)
ID Code:110095
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2016-07-13
Last Modified:2017-11-07
Downloads:261 View Download Statistics

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