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Physical Activity and Health: 'What is Old is New Again'


Hills, AP and Street, SJ and Byrne, NM, Physical Activity and Health: 'What is Old is New Again', Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, 75 pp. 77-95. ISSN 1043-4526 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/bs.afnr.2015.06.001


Much recent interest has focused on the relationship between physical activity and health and supported with an abundance of scientific evidence. However, the concept of Exercise is Medicine™ copromoted by the American College of Sports Medicine and American Medical Association and similar august bodies worldwide is far from new--the importance of exercise for health has been reported for centuries. Participation in regular physical activity and exercise provides numerous benefits for health with such benefits typically varying according to the volume completed as reflected by intensity, duration, and frequency. Evidence suggests a dose-response relationship such that being active, even to a modest level, is preferable to being inactive or sedentary. Greatest benefits are commonly associated with the previously sedentary individual assuming a more active lifestyle. There is an apparent linear relationship between physical activity and health status and as a general rule, increases in physical activity and fitness result in additional improvements in health status. This narrative review provides a selective appraisal of the evidence for the importance of physical activity for health, commencing with a baseline historical perspective followed by a summary of key health benefits associated with an active lifestyle.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:exercise, health, nutrition transition, physical activity transition, physical fitness, training
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Clinical sciences
Research Field:Sports medicine
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other health
Objective Field:Other health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Hills, AP (Professor Andrew Hills)
UTAS Author:Street, SJ (Dr Steven Street)
UTAS Author:Byrne, NM (Professor Nuala Byrne)
ID Code:109149
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2016-05-27
Last Modified:2021-03-22

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