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Illness representations, coping, and illness outcomes in people with cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis


Richardson, EM and Schuz, N and Sanderson, Kristy and Scott, JL and Schuez, BEC, Illness representations, coping, and illness outcomes in people with cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis, 29th Conference of the EHPS: Principles of Behaviour Change in Health and Illness, 1-5 September, 2015, Cyprus (2015) [Conference Extract]

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Background: Cancer is a leading cause of illness burden,with people with cancer at high risk for negative health and coping outcomes. The Common Sense Model (CSM) has been employed widely to understand individual responses to cancer. However, research is disparate, and a systematic review examining the associations of the CSMís illness representation dimensions with health and coping outcomes in people with cancer, had not yet been conducted.

Methods: A systematic literature search identified 51 relevant studies,with 36 providing sufficient data for meta-analysis. A narrative review of remaining studies was conducted.

Findings: Random-effects meta-analysis revealed, for example, small to moderate effects (Fischerís Z= .267 - .287) between personal control, problem-focused coping, and cognitive reappraisal, and moderate to large effects (Z= .355 - .731) between identity, consequences, emotional representations, and distress.

Discussion: This first systematic review and meta-analysis indicates how illness representations relate to illness outcomes in people with cancer.High heterogeneity suggests potential moderators of the relationships between illness representations and health and coping outcomes, including diagnostic, prognostic, and treatment related variables.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:Illness Perceptions; Cancer; Illness Representations; Systematic Review; Meta-Analysis
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Health psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and health
UTAS Author:Richardson, EM (Dr Emma Richardson)
UTAS Author:Schuz, N (Dr Natalie Schuez)
UTAS Author:Sanderson, Kristy (Associate Professor Kristy Sanderson)
UTAS Author:Scott, JL (Professor Jenn Scott)
UTAS Author:Schuez, BEC (Dr Benjamin Schuez)
ID Code:107892
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2016-03-30
Last Modified:2016-03-31
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