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Droplet transport by electrowetting: lets get rough!

Citation

Lapierre, F and Jonsson-Niedziolka, M and Coffinier, Y and Boukherroub, R and Thomy, V, Droplet transport by electrowetting: lets get rough!, Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, 15, (3) pp. 327-336. ISSN 1613-4982 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

DOI: doi:10.1007/s10404-013-1149-1

Abstract

Since the pioneering works of Wenzel and Cassie Baxter in the 1930s, and now with the trivialization of the micro- and nanotechnology facilities, superhydrophobic surfaces have been announced as potentially amazing components for applications such as fluidic, optical, electronic, or thermal devices. In this paper, we show that using superhydrophobic surfaces in digital microfluidic devices could solve some usual limitations or enhance their performances. Thus, we investigate a specific monophasic (air environment) microfluidic device based on electrowetting integrating either a hydrophobic or a superhydrophobic surface as a counter-electrode. The droplet transport using a superhydrophobic surface compared with a classical hydrophobic system led to some original results. Characterization of the dynamic contact angle and the droplet shape allows us to get new insight of the fluid dynamics. Among the remarkable properties reported, a 30 % lower applied voltage, a 30 % higher average speed with a maximum instantaneous speed of 460 mm/s have been measured. Furthermore, we have noticed a huge droplet deformation leading to an increase by a factor 5 of the Weber number (from 1.4 to 7.0) on SH compared to hydrophobic surfaces. Finally, we discuss some of the repercussions of this behaviour especially for microfluidic device.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:electrowetting, superhydrophobic surfaces, hydrophobic surfaces, droplet motion
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Interdisciplinary Engineering
Research Field:Fluidisation and Fluid Mechanics
Objective Division:Manufacturing
Objective Group:Instrumentation
Objective Field:Scientific Instruments
Author:Lapierre, F (Dr Florian Lapierre)
ID Code:99990
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Austn Centre for Research in Separation Science
Deposited On:2015-04-22
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:0

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