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Adult dyslipidemia prediction is improved by repeated measurements in childhood and young adulthood. The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study


Nuotio, J and Oikonen, M and Magnussen, CG and Viikari, JSA and Hutri-Kahonen, N and Jula, A and Thomson, R and Sabin, MA and Daniels, SR and Raitakari, OT and Juonala, M, Adult dyslipidemia prediction is improved by repeated measurements in childhood and young adulthood. The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, Atherosclerosis, 239, (2) pp. 350-357. ISSN 0021-9150 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Elsevier

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2015.02.004


Background: Prediction of adult dyslipidemia has been suggested to improve with multiple measurements in childhood or young adulthood, but there is paucity of specific data from longitudinal studies.

Methods and Results: The sample comprised 1912 subjects (54% women) from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study who had fasting lipid and lipoprotein measurements collected at three time-points in childhood/young adulthood and had at least one follow-up in later adulthood. Childhood/young adult dyslipidemia was defined as total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) or triglycerides (TG) in the highest quintile, or high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in the lowest quintile. Adult dyslipidemia was defined according to European cut-points (TC > 5.0 mmol/L, LDL-C >3 mmol/L, Non-HDL-C >3.8 mmol/L, HDL-C <1.0 mmol/L (in men)/<1.2 mmol/L (in women) and TG > 1.7 mmol/L). With the exception of triglycerides, Pearson correlation coefficients for predicting adult levels significantly improved when two lipid or lipoprotein measurements in childhood/young adulthood were compared with one measurement (all P < 0.01). For triglycerides, there was significant improvement only when three measurements were considered (P = 0.004). Two measurements significantly improved prediction of dyslipidemia levels in adulthood for non-HDL-C, LDL-C, HDL-C and TG compared with one measurement (P < 0.05 for improved area-under the receiver-operating characteristic curve). Risk of dyslipidemia in adulthood grew according to the number of times a person had been at risk in childhood.

Conclusions: Based on these results, it seems that compared to a single measurement two lipid measures in childhood/early adulthood significantly improve prediction of adult dyslipidemia. A lack of dyslipidemia in childhood does not strongly exclude later development of dyslipidemia. Multiple measurements increase the prediction accuracy, but the incremental prognostic/diagnostic accuracy of especially third measurement is modest.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:lipids, atherosclerosis, follow-up studies, risk factors
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Magnussen, CG (Associate Professor Costan Magnussen)
UTAS Author:Thomson, R (Dr Russell Thomson)
ID Code:99528
Year Published:2015
Funding Support:National Health and Medical Research Council (1037559)
Web of Science® Times Cited:12
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2015-03-26
Last Modified:2017-11-01

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