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Use of opioid analgesics in older Australians

Citation

Veal, FC and Bereznicki, LRE and Thompson, AJ and Peterson, GM, Use of opioid analgesics in older Australians, Pain Medicine, 16, (8) pp. 1519-27. ISSN 1526-4637 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Wiley

DOI: doi:10.1111/pme.12720

Abstract

Objective: To identify potential medication management issues associated with opioid use in older Australians.

Design: Retrospective cross-sectional review of the utilization of analgesics in 19,581 people who underwent a medication review in Australia between 2010 and 2012.

Subjects: Australian residents living in the community deemed at risk for adverse medication outcomes or any resident living fulltime in an aged care facility.

Methods: Patient characteristics in those taking regularly dosed opioids and not and those taking opioid doses > 120 mg and ≤ 120 mg MEQ/day were compared. Multivariable binary logistic regression was used to analyze the association between regular opioid and high dose opioid usage and key variables. Additionally, medication management issues associated with opioids were identified.

Results: Opioids were taken by 31.8% of patients, with 22.1% taking them regularly. Several major medication management issues were identified. There was suboptimal use of multimodal analgesia, particularly a low use of non-opioid analgesics, in patients taking regular opioids. There was extensive use (45%) of concurrent anxiolytics/hypnotics among those taking regular opioid analgesics. Laxative use in those prescribed opioids regularly was low (60%). Additionally, almost 12% of patients were taking doses of opioid that exceeded Australian recommendations.

Conclusions: A significant evidence to practice gap exists regarding the use of opioids amongst older Australians. These findings highlight the need for a quick reference guide to support prescribers in making appropriate decisions regarding pain management in older patients with persistent pain. This should also be combined with patient and caregiver education about the importance of regular acetaminophen to manage persistent pain.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:analgesics, pain, opioids, elderly
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Research Field:Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other Health
Objective Field:Health not elsewhere classified
Author:Veal, FC (Ms Felicity Veal)
Author:Bereznicki, LRE (Professor Luke Bereznicki)
Author:Thompson, AJ (Mr Angus Thompson)
Author:Peterson, GM (Professor Gregory Peterson)
ID Code:99523
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2015-03-26
Last Modified:2017-11-02
Downloads:0

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