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Nano-sized graphene oxide as sole surfactant in miniemulsion polymerization for nanocomposite synthesis: effect of pH and ionic strength

Citation

Che Man, SH and Ly, D and Whittaker, MR and Thickett, SC and Zetterlund, PB, Nano-sized graphene oxide as sole surfactant in miniemulsion polymerization for nanocomposite synthesis: effect of pH and ionic strength, Polymer, 55, (16) pp. 3490-3497. ISSN 0032-3861 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2014.06.005

Abstract

Miniemulsion polymerization of styrene using AIBN as initiator at 70C has been performed with nano-dimensional graphene oxide (GO) sheets as surfactant (no conventional surfactants employed) with a view to exploring the effects of pH and ionic strength (NaCl concentration). The pH value of the emulsion exerted a relatively minor influence on the polymerization, with a somewhat narrower particle size distribution being obtained at pH=3.2 relative to pH=2.4 and 5.2. The ionic strength had a more significant effect the presence of a suitable concentration of NaCl resulted in increased colloidal stability and narrower particle size distribution. The results are explained in terms of the effects of pH on degree of ionization of COOH groups of GO and the influence of ionic strength on the electric double layer, and have implications with regards to synthesis of polymer/graphene nanocomposite materials for a variety of applications.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:polymer, graphene, nanocomposite
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Materials Engineering
Research Field:Composite and Hybrid Materials
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
Author:Thickett, SC (Dr Stuart Thickett)
ID Code:99384
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:22
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2015-03-23
Last Modified:2017-10-24
Downloads:0

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