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Genetic correlations in multi-species plant/herbivore interactions at multiple genetic scales: implications for eco-evolutionary dynamics

Citation

O'Reilly-Wapstra, JM and Hamilton, M and Gosney, B and Whiteley, C and Bailey, JK and Williams, D and Wardlaw, T and Vaillancourt, RE and Potts, BM, Genetic correlations in multi-species plant/herbivore interactions at multiple genetic scales: implications for eco-evolutionary dynamics, Advances in Ecological Research, Academic Press, G Woodward (ed), London, United Kingdom, pp. 267-295. ISBN 978-0-12-801374-8 (2014) [Research Book Chapter]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Elsevier Ltd

DOI: doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-801374-8.00008-6

Abstract

In plant/herbivore systems, elucidating the hierarchical genetic correlations that exist between enemies to a host plant (e.g., in the magnitude of damage) and determining how stable these effects are across environments is crucial for our understanding of potential eco-evolutionary dynamics in these systems. This sort of information would allow us to better know how plant populations have evolutionarily diverged in their phenotypic traits, which organisms are driving the evolutionary change and how rapid evolutionary change in one enemy or plant species can feedback to affect other herbivore and pathogen species showing genetically correlated responses to the host plant. Here, we investigate consistency in patterns of the genetic correlations within and among populations in preferences among multiple enemies for a globally planted species, Eucalyptus globulus, and explore how stable these genetically based correlations are across environments. We show plant enemies respond to underlying host genetic variation at two genetic hierarchical scales and that relationships between plant enemies are both independent and correlative. Our finding of a significant positive genetic correlation in damage to the host plant between a sawfly and a fungal leaf pathogen species suggests a potential indirect eco-evolutionary feedback loop mediated by the genetic correlation. We also demonstrate that among population divergence patterns are not constrained by within population correlations, and this decoupling between among and within population patterns suggests that diffuse relationships between two enemies are not constraining the evolutionary diversification in resistance of populations of their host plant. In addition, when genetic effects are present, there is clear stability in the genetic influences of this host tree on its enemies across trials. This indicates that in an eco-evolutionary dynamic setting, the strength and consistency of any selective force would be maintained across environments.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:genetic variation, browsing, plant defence, marsupial, genetic correlations
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Terrestrial Ecology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Forestry
Objective Field:Hardwood Plantations
Author:O'Reilly-Wapstra, JM (Dr Julianne O'Reilly-Wapstra)
Author:Hamilton, M (Dr Matthew Hamilton)
Author:Gosney, B (Mr Ben Gosney)
Author:Whiteley, C (Ms Carmen Whiteley)
Author:Vaillancourt, RE (Professor Rene Vaillancourt)
Author:Potts, BM (Professor Brad Potts)
ID Code:99342
Year Published:2014
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP120102889)
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2015-03-20
Last Modified:2015-09-01
Downloads:0

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