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Anhydrous partial melting of MORB pyrolite and other peridotite compositions at 10 kbar: implications for the origin of primitive MORB glasses


Falloon, TJ and Green, DH, Anhydrous partial melting of MORB pyrolite and other peridotite compositions at 10 kbar: implications for the origin of primitive MORB glasses, Mineralogy and Petrology, 37, (3-4) pp. 181-219. ISSN 0930-0708 (1987) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

1987 by Springer-Verlag

DOI: doi:10.1007/BF01161817


Anhydrous partial melting experiments on four peridotite compositions have been conducted at 10 kbar providing a relatively internally consistent set of data on the character of primary melts expected from the oceanic upper mantle in the mid-ocean ridge setting. The four peridotite compositions are: "MORB pyrolite" (considered to be suitable for the production of primitive (Mg#≥0.68) MORB glasses at 10 kbar), "Hawaiian pyrolite" (representative of "enriched" upper mantle), Tinaquillo lherzolite (representative of more "depleted" upper mantle), and the spinel lherzolite KLB-1 which is a suitable composition for the production of primitive MORB glasses. The equilibrium liquids were determined by "sandwich" experiments. The primitive MORB glass DSDP 3-18-7-1 was used in experiments using MORB pyrolite and KLB-1, while a calculated 10 kbar liquid composition from Jaques and Green (1980) was used in experiments with Hawaiian pyrolite and Tinaquillo lherzolite. The results of the experiments are used to test a 10 kbar melt model for the generation of primitive MORB glasses, which are parental magmas to typical MORB compositions. The melt compositions from the four peridotites studied are significantly different from primitive MORB glasses in major element chemistry and plot away from the field of primitive MORB glasses in the CIPW molecular normative "Basalt tetrahedron". The results indicate that primitive MORB glasses are derivative compositions lying on olivine fractionation lines from picritic parents, which themselves are primary magmas at pressures greater than 10 kbar. The results of this study are integrated with previous 10 kbar experimental studies.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:MORB pyrolite, Hawaiian pyrolite, Tinaquillo Lherzolite, KLB-1, peridotite melting experiments, sandwich technique, MORB petrogenesis, olivine fractionation, picrite, 10kbar, 1GPa, anhydrous
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Igneous and metamorphic petrology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Falloon, TJ (Dr Trevor Falloon)
UTAS Author:Green, DH (Professor David Green)
ID Code:99100
Year Published:1987
Web of Science® Times Cited:211
Deposited By:Earth Sciences
Deposited On:2015-03-13
Last Modified:2015-04-21

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