Jeffs, LS and Peh, CA and Jose, MD and Lange, K and Hurtado, PR, Randomized trial investigating the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasic antibody-associated vasculitis, Nephrology, 20, (5) pp. 343-351. ISSN 1320-5358 (2015) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2015 Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology
Aim: This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination in patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated vasculitis.
Methods: 31 patients who were in remission were randomised to receive either a trivalent influenza vaccine or no vaccine. Vaccine efficacy was assessed at 28 days. Patients were followed for 6 months for signs of reactivation of disease. In addition, 67 healthy individuals were randomised to receive either the influenza vaccine or no vaccine to assess its potential for triggering the formation of autoantibodies.
Results: Compared to patients who did not receive the vaccine, vaccinated patients achieved effective responses to all 3 influenza vaccine antigens. There was no significant change in levels of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody post-vaccination. There was no significant change in disease activity in vaccinated patients compared to non-vaccinated patients. Among vaccinated healthy individuals, we did not observe any significant change in the level of autoantibodies measured.
Conclusion: This study shows that the administration of influenza vaccine to patients in remission with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated vasculitis is both safe and modestly efficacious.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||RCT, vaccination, vasculitis|
|Research Division:||Biomedical and Clinical Sciences|
|Research Group:||Clinical sciences|
|Research Field:||Nephrology and urology|
|Objective Group:||Clinical health|
|Objective Field:||Clinical health not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Jose, MD (Professor Matthew Jose)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||24|
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