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Comparing the robustness of Arctic and Antarctic governance through the continental shelf submission process

Citation

Weber, M, Comparing the robustness of Arctic and Antarctic governance through the continental shelf submission process, Polar Record, 50, (1) Article 252. ISSN 0032-2474 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Cambridge University Press

DOI: doi:10.1017/S0032247412000496

Abstract

The processes undertaken by Arctic states and Antarctic claimant states to submit data to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) demonstrates the robustness of polar governance. The robustness of a governing system reflects its capacity to deal with emerging issues. For the purposes of this article, robustness comprises the effective protection of rights in the absence of prejudice and participant confidence. In the Arctic, unilateral assertion of continental shelf entitlement can proceed due to the nature of the CLCS process and recognition of sovereignty. Combined with the voluntary nature of Arctic governance, the process does not hamper cooperation in scientific research, boundary delimitation or engagement in initiatives such as the Arctic Council. In the Antarctic, a coordinated approach to continental shelf delimitation protected claimant states’ entitlement to a continental shelf and the right of other states not to recognise sovereignty. States demonstrated commitment to the Antarctic Treaty and acted according to accepted norms. Though different in structure, each polar governing system has its own characteristics of robustness. State authority drives participant confidence and regional cooperation in the Arctic. In the Antarctic, norms of behaviour foster system legitimacy and resilience is reinforced by the consequences of abandoning the system. With continued acceptance of the individual governing-system dynamics, emerging issues can be accommodated in both polar regions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Law and Legal Studies
Research Group:Law
Research Field:Environmental and Natural Resources Law
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Law and Legal Studies
Author:Weber, M (Ms Melissa Weber)
ID Code:98869
Year Published:2014
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2015-03-05
Last Modified:2015-04-02
Downloads:0

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