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Quantifying the effects of uniconazole on growth and yield of pyrethrum in Australia

Citation

Pethybridge, SJ and Gent, DH and Hingston, L and Frost, P, Quantifying the effects of uniconazole on growth and yield of pyrethrum in Australia, New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 42, (1) pp. 50-59. ISSN 0114-0671 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 The Royal Society of New Zealand

DOI: doi:10.1080/01140671.2013.846919

Abstract

The efficacy of the plant growth regulator uniconazole (Sumagic) for manipulating pyrethrum canopy architecture and enhancing yield was evaluated in each of 3 years across northern Tasmania, Australia. Trials examined the efficacy of, and factors influencing, reliability and magnitude of responses, including product rate, application timing, the benefits of adding a non-ionic organosilicone surfactant (Activator) and combining application with urea. Results suggested that a rate of 100 g L−1 uniconazole (2 L ha−1 Sumagic) was the most efficacious and that the addition of Activator was unnecessary. However, at the highest rate, the cost of using the product became prohibitive and therefore trials in the latter 2 years of the study were conducted using the lower rate. Timing of application was not critical for efficacy and yield enhancements were observed when uniconazole was applied when stem length ranged from 16 to 36 cm, coinciding with a 30-day period in spring. Physiological effects of uniconazole were significant reductions in the height of stems (approximately 6 cm at flowering), increases in green leaf area and the number of flowers produced per unit area; the effects were independent of field age. This information has formed the basis for a cost-benefit analysis for the adoption of uniconazole into pyrethrum production in Australia.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:canopy reflectance, physiology, plant growth regulators, pyrethrum, uniconazole
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Horticultural Production
Research Field:Horticultural Crop Growth and Development
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Industrial Crops
Objective Field:Plant Extract Crops (e.g. Pyrethrum, Jojoba)
Author:Gent, DH (Dr David Gent)
Author:Hingston, L (Mr Leon Hingston)
ID Code:98771
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2015-03-02
Last Modified:2015-05-18
Downloads:0

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