Udchachon, M and Burrett, C and Thassanapak, H and Chonglakmani, C and Campbell, H and Feng, Q, Depositional setting and paleoenvironment of an alatoconchid-bearing Middle Permian carbonate ramp sequence in the Indochina Terrane, Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 87 pp. 37-55. ISSN 1367-9120 (2014) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2014 Elsevier
A Middle Permian carbonate sequence at Khao Somphot in the south of the Khao Khwang Platform has been measured and analyzed. This sequence is characterized by prolific fossil content and large, bizarre alatoconchid bivalves. Nine major microfacies types are differentiated and consist of: algal-foram facies, fusuline facies, alatoconchid facies, lime mudstone/wackestone facies, laminated bindstone facies, fine-grained cortoid grainstone facies, coral biostrome facies, crinoidal packstone facies and carbonate breccia/conglomerate facies. Laminated bindstone, lime mudstone with fenestral fabric and algal foram facies represent loferites deposited in a restricted intertidal zone of an inner ramp. Fusuline grainstone and cortoid grainstone facies indicate sand shoals of an inner ramp. The fusuline wackestone/packstone and alatoconchid facies were deposited in a subtidal, below fair-weather wave base environment in the mid-ramp. The crinoidal facies, which overlies collapse breccia, possibly accumulated during transgression in the deeper part of the mid-ramp. Storm deposits are prevalent throughout as thin accumulates and as alatoconchid floatstone/rudstone (coquinite) layers and are common in mid-ramp setting. The Khao Khwang Platform probably evolved from a rimmed platform in the Early Permian to a ramp in the Middle Permian.
The general trend of δ 13C composition from both brachiopod shell and rock matrix from the lower part of the study section (Wordian) is significantly high. Moreover, the δ 13C signature from this interval is up to 8 VPDBČ, which suggests high productivity on the tropical Tethyan shelf of the Indochina Terrane. An abrupt negative shift in δ 13C in the late Wordian and late Capitanian indicating significant changes in paleoenvironment, productivity and the carbon cycle is probably contemporaneous with the Kamura event recorded from sediments of the mid-Panthalassa Ocean in Japan and elsewhere related to global cooling and a sea-level lowstand.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Indochina Terrane, carbonate ramp, microfacies, Middle Permian, depositional environment, shallowing-upward sequence, carbon isotope|
|Research Division:||Earth Sciences|
|Research Field:||Palaeontology (incl. Palynology)|
|Objective Division:||Expanding Knowledge|
|Objective Group:||Expanding Knowledge|
|Objective Field:||Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences|
|Author:||Burrett, C (Dr Clive Burrett)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||6|
|Deposited By:||Earth Sciences|
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