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The role of arbuscular mycorrhiza in establishment and water balance of tomato seedlings and sweet cherry cuttings in low phosphorous soil

Citation

Mohamed, H and Barry, K and Measham, P, The role of arbuscular mycorrhiza in establishment and water balance of tomato seedlings and sweet cherry cuttings in low phosphorous soil, International Horticultural Congress 2014, 17-22 August 2014, Brisbane, Australia (2014) [Conference Extract]

Abstract

Extreme variability in water availability during the growing season makes cherries more prone to cracking. Therefore, experiments were designed to explore water regulation of mycorrhizal cherry rootstocks and tomato seedlings which may lead to improvements in fruit quality as a result of improved plant function, as well as enhanced growth performance and nutrient uptake. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are obligate mutualists from the Order Glomales and most fruit trees establish associations with AMF naturally when transplanted to the field, particularly in low phosphorous conditions. Although plants benefit from this symbiotic relationship through increased nutrients uptake especially phosphate, management practices influence the presence of mycorrhizal colonization in the field. This project has investigated the early growth rate and establishment of cherry and tomato plants inoculated with Rhizophagus irregularis (syn.Glomus intraradices). After one month of growth, the number of leaves of mycorrhizal tomato seedlings was significantly increased and the height was approximately doubled in response to inoculation compared with non-inoculated tomatoes. In addition, the effect of AM fungi on cutting survival was observed on early growth of cherries, where 65% of inoculated cherry rootstocks survived, compared to 45% of non-mycorrhizal cherries after two months from experiment establishment. The effect of AMF on water uptake is currently being investigated in both sweet cherries and tomatoes to determine how colonization affects water uptake and photosynthesis during periods of drought and excess water conditions.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Horticultural Production
Research Field:Horticultural Crop Growth and Development
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Horticultural Crops
Objective Field:Stone Fruit
Author:Mohamed, H (Ms Hend Mohamed)
Author:Barry, K (Dr Karen Barry)
Author:Measham, P (Dr Penny Measham)
ID Code:98658
Year Published:2014
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2015-02-23
Last Modified:2015-02-23
Downloads:0

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