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Eucalyptus obliqua seedling growth in organic vs. mineral soil horizons

Citation

Barry, KM and Janos, DP and Nichols, S and Bowman, DMJS, Eucalyptus obliqua seedling growth in organic vs. mineral soil horizons, Frontiers in Plant Science, 6 Article 97. ISSN 1664-462X (2015) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Barry, Janos, Nichols and Bowman. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0 AU)

DOI: doi:10.3389/fpls.2015.00097

Abstract

Eucalyptus obliqua, the most widespread timber tree in Tasmania, is a pioneer after fire which can eliminate the organic layer of forest soil, exposing the underlying mineral soil. We compared seedling growth, mycorrhiza formation, and mineral nutrient limitation in organic layer vs. mineral soil. We grew E. obliqua seedlings separately in pots of organic layer and mineral soil in a glasshouse. Additional treatments of organic soil only, involved fully crossed methyl-bromide fumigation and fertilization. Fertilization comprised chelated iron for 121 days after transplant (DAT) followed by soluble phosphorus. At 357 DAT, whole plant dry weight was three times greater in ambient organic than in mineral soil. In organic soil, fumigation halved ectomycorrhiza abundance and reduced seedling growth at 149 DAT, but by 357 DAT when negative effects of fumigation on seedling growth had disappeared, neither fumigation nor fertilization affected mycorrhiza abundance. Iron fertilization diminished seedling growth, but subsequent phosphorus fertilization improved it. E. obliqua seedlings grow much better in organic layer soil than in mineral soil, although phosphorus remains limiting. The prevalent forestry practice of burning to mineral soil after timber harvest exposes a poor growth medium likely only partially compensated by fire-induced mineral soil alterations.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ashbed effect, mineral nutrition, phosphorus limitation, soil fumigation, ectomycorrhiza
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Forestry Sciences
Research Field:Tree Nutrition and Physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Forestry
Objective Field:Native Forests
Author:Barry, KM (Dr Karen Barry)
Author:Nichols, S (Mr Scott Nichols)
Author:Bowman, DMJS (Professor David Bowman)
ID Code:98648
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2015-02-23
Last Modified:2017-11-01
Downloads:329 View Download Statistics

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