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Global wood production from natural forests has peaked


Warman, R, Global wood production from natural forests has peaked, Biodiversity and Conservation, 23, (5) pp. 1063-1078. ISSN 0960-3115 (2014) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2014 Springer Science+Business Media

DOI: doi:10.1007/s10531-014-0633-6


Wood is considered to be a renewable resource. However, steep increases in production followed by a peak and subsequent decline have been characteristic of natural forest-based wood industries in many countries. An assessment was made to determine any discernible global trend in wood extraction from natural forests. This was done using published data on global production from various wood sources, including plantations, planted forests and trees outside forests. Global wood supply from natural forests peaked around 1989 and has been in decline since. A growing planted tree supply has been making up the gap between total roundwood demand and natural forest supply. These data suggest a declining role for natural forests in global wood production, with the long term sustainability of wood supply derived from purpose-cultivated trees rather than natural forest sources. Where these planted trees lower demand for wood from natural forests this will provide opportunities to reduce resource conflict in natural forests, apply more precautionary prescriptions where logging does occur, and increase the use of natural forests for biodiversity conservation and other ecosystem services such as carbon storage.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:wood production, forest, conservation, plantation, ecosystem services
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Forestry sciences
Research Field:Forestry management and environment
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences
UTAS Author:Warman, R (Dr Russell Warman)
ID Code:98541
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:37
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2015-02-18
Last Modified:2017-11-09

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