Degenhardt, L and Lintzeris, N and Campbell, G and Bruno, R and Cohen, M and Farrell, M and Hall, WD, Experience of adjunctive cannabis use for chronic non-cancer pain: Findings from the Pain and Opioids IN Treatment (POINT) study, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 147 pp. 144-150. ISSN 0376-8716 (2015) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Methods: The POINT study included 1514 people in Australia who had been prescribed pharmaceutical opioids for chronic non-cancer pain. Data on cannabis use, ICD-10 cannabis use disorder and cannabis use for pain were collected. We explored associations between demographic, pain and other patient characteristics and cannabis use for pain.
Results: One in six (16%) had used cannabis for pain relief, 6% in the previous month. A quarter reported that they would use it for pain relief if they had access. Those using cannabis for pain on average were younger, reported greater pain severity, greater interference from and poorer coping with pain, and more days out of role in the past year. They had been prescribed opioids for longer, were on higher opioid doses, and were more likely to be non-adherent with their opioid use. Those using cannabis for pain had higher pain interference after controlling for reported pain severity. Almost half (43%) of the sample had ever used cannabis for recreational purposes, and 12% of the entire cohort met criteria for an ICD-10 cannabis use disorder.
Conclusions: Cannabis use for pain relief purposes appears common among people living with chronic non-cancer pain, and users report greater pain relief in combination with opioids than when opioids are used alone.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||cannabis, chronic pain, pharmaceutical opioids, medical cannabis use, Australia|
|Research Division:||Psychology and Cognitive Sciences|
|Research Group:||Other Psychology and Cognitive Sciences|
|Research Field:||Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Objective Field:||Substance Abuse|
|UTAS Author:||Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)|
|Funding Support:||National Health and Medical Research Council (APP1022522)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||39|
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