Sex, sexual orientation, and the necessity of physical attractiveness and social level in long-term and short-term mates
March, E and Grieve, R and Marx, E, Sex, sexual orientation, and the necessity of physical attractiveness and social level in long-term and short-term mates, Journal of Relationships Research, 6 Article e2. ISSN 1838-0956 (2015) [Refereed Article]
In comparison to biological sex differences and mate preferences, differences in sexual orientation and mate preferences have received limited attention in the literature. The aim of the current experiment was to explore the relationship between biological sex and sexual orientation on the necessity of a longterm and short-term mate’s physical attractiveness and social level. Three hundred and seven participants recruited from an Australian university and the wider community completed an online questionnaire assessing necessities of mate characteristics. Results of independent-measures ANOVAS showed that heterosexual men considered a long-term mate’s physical attractiveness significantly more of a necessity than heterosexual women. Additionally, individuals of a homosexual sexual orientation considered the social level of a longterm mate significantly more of a necessity than individuals with a heterosexual sexual orientation, but not individuals of a bisexual sexual orientation. Finally, results showed that individuals of a heterosexual sexual orientation considered the physical attractiveness of a short-term mate significantly more of a necessity than did individuals of a homosexual sexual orientation and individuals of a bisexual sexual orientation. Results of the current study suggest research should not just assume equivalence of mate preferences between individuals of differing sexual orientations.
sex differences, mate preferences, homosexuality, sexuality