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Rainfall and temperature variation does not explain arid species diversity in outback Australia

Citation

Traill, LW and Wanger, TC and de Little, SC and Brook, BW, Rainfall and temperature variation does not explain arid species diversity in outback Australia, Research and Reports in Biodiversity Studies, 3 pp. 1-8. ISSN 2230-2484 (2013) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Traill et al, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd. This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.

DOI: doi:10.2147/RRBS.S40301

Abstract

Steps toward conserving biodiversity should start at understanding the components across spatial scales and a determination of the drivers of these. Here we determine additive species diversity for arid South Australia, based on over 50 years of survey data. Elevation and soil data were sourced through the Australian Government, and climate data from the WorldClim database. Alternative hypotheses relating the effect of climatic and environmental parameters to diversity were tested using generalized linear models and ranked according to information-theoretic statistics. Total species richness for the region was 1824, similar to all arid regions. α-diversity values were low, relative to the contributions made by β-diversity toward total γ-diversity, similar to additive diversity indices for nonarid biomes. There was a lack of statistical support for our hypothesis that regional spatial variation in arid region diversity can be explained by climate topography. Arid South Australian species diversity appears to be largely driven by environmental parameters at the localized scale beyond the resolution of available survey data. Heterogeneity in habitat, provided by mountainous regions, likely contributes toward the high β-diversity values. Our research is the first application of the additive (not multiplicative) approach toward understanding diversity within arid Australia.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:additive diversity, arid biome, South Australia, generalized linear models, global climate models, species richness
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental Science and Management
Research Field:Conservation and Biodiversity
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales
Author:Brook, BW (Professor Barry Brook)
ID Code:97960
Year Published:2013
Deposited By:Biological Sciences
Deposited On:2015-01-22
Last Modified:2015-02-23
Downloads:204 View Download Statistics

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