eCite Digital Repository

Childhood trauma and adult interpersonal relationship problems in patients with depression and anxiety disorders

Citation

Huh, HJ and Kim, S-Y and Yu, JJ and Chae, J-H, Childhood trauma and adult interpersonal relationship problems in patients with depression and anxiety disorders, Annals of General Psychiatry, 13, (26) Article 26. ISSN 1744-859X (2014) [Refereed Article]


Preview
PDF
678Kb
  

Copyright Statement

Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1186/s12991-014-0026-y

Abstract

Introduction: Although a plethora of studies have delineated the relationship between childhood trauma and onset, symptom severity, and course of depression and anxiety disorders, there has been little evidence that childhood trauma may lead to interpersonal problems among adult patients with depression and anxiety disorders. Given the lack of prior research in this area, we aimed to investigate characteristics of interpersonal problems in adult patients who had suffered various types of abuse and neglect in childhood. Methods: A total of 325 outpatients diagnosed with depression and anxiety disorders completed questionnaires on socio-demographic variables, different forms of childhood trauma, and current interpersonal problems. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) was used to measure five different forms of childhood trauma (emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical abuse, physical neglect, and sexual abuse) and the short form of the Korean-Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scale (KIIP-SC) was used to assess current interpersonal problems. We dichotomized patients into two groups (abused and non-abused groups) based on CTQ score and investigated the relationship of five different types of childhood trauma and interpersonal problems in adult patients with depression and anxiety disorders using multiple regression analysis. Result: Different types of childhood abuse and neglect appeared to have a significant influence on distinct symptom dimensions such as depression, state-trait anxiety, and anxiety sensitivity. In the final regression model, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and sexual abuse during childhood were significantly associated with general interpersonal distress and several specific areas of interpersonal problems in adulthood. No association was found between childhood physical neglect and current general interpersonal distress. Conclusion: Childhood emotional trauma has more influence on interpersonal problems in adult patients with depression and anxiety disorders than childhood physical trauma. A history of childhood physical abuse is related to dominant interpersonal patterns rather than submissive interpersonal patterns in adulthood. These findings provide preliminary evidence that childhood trauma might substantially contribute to interpersonal problems in adulthood.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Childhood trauma, Interpersonal relationship, Depression, Anxiety
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Nervous System and Disorders
Author:Yu, JJ (Dr JJ Yu)
ID Code:97722
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2015-01-10
Last Modified:2015-05-13
Downloads:188 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page