Wegrzyn, TF and Farr, JM and Hunter, DC and Au, J and Wohlers, MW and Skinner, MA and Stanley, R and Sun-Waterhouse, D, Stability of antioxidants in an apple polyphenol-milk model system, Food Chemistry, 109, (2) pp. 310-318. ISSN 0308-8146 (2008) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2008 Elsevier
The stability of antioxidants in an apple polyphenol–milk model system was examined. The model system consisted of skim milk fortified with pH-neutralised apple polyphenols (AP, 0–200 mg per 100 ml milk), with or without ascorbic acid (100 mg per 100 ml milk). Physical and chemical changes were evaluated after thermal treatment (120 °C, 5 min) and oxidative storage (20 °C and 38 °C, up to 12 weeks). Antioxidant capacity was determined using both oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay. Significant antioxidant capacity was detected in the presence of milk. Antioxidant capacity was retained during thermal treatment but decreased slowly during storage.
The concentration of ascorbic acid decreased rapidly, and was close to zero after 2-week storage at 38 °C or 10-week storage at 20 °C. The brownness of the polyphenol–milk system increased over storage duration of 0–12 weeks; this effect was retarded by the addition of ascorbic acid. This high polyphenol–milk has demonstrated good physical stability.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||apple polyphenol-milk, ORAC assay, FRAP assay, physical stability, ascorbic acid|
|Research Division:||Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences|
|Research Group:||Crop and Pasture Production|
|Research Field:||Crop and Pasture Biochemistry and Physiology|
|Objective Division:||Plant Production and Plant Primary Products|
|Objective Group:||Horticultural Crops|
|Objective Field:||Pome Fruit, Pip Fruit|
|Author:||Stanley, R (Dr Roger Stanley)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||35|
|Deposited By:||TIA - Research Institute|
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