Wang, X and Blizzard, L and Halliday, A and Han, W and Jin, X and Cicuttini, F and Jones, G and Ding, C, Association between MRI-detected knee joint regional effusion-synovitis and structural changes in older adults: a cohort study, Annals of The Rheumatic Diseases: The Eular Journal, 75, (3) pp. 519-525. ISSN 0003-4967 (2016) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2014 the authors
OBJECTIVE: To describe the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between knee regional effusion-synovitis and structural changes in older adults.
METHODS: A total of 977 subjects were randomly selected from the local community (mean 62 years, 50% female) at baseline and 404 were followed up 2.6 years later. T2-weighted MRI was used to assess knee effusion-synovitis in four subregions: suprapatellar pouch, central portion, posterior femoral recess and subpopliteal recess. Knee cartilage defects, cartilage volume and bone marrow lesions (BMLs) were measured using MRI at baseline and follow-up.
RESULTS: Cross-sectionally, effusion-synovitis in most subregions was significantly associated with a higher risk of cartilage defects, BMLs and reduced cartilage volume. Longitudinally, suprapatellar pouch effusion-synovitis at baseline predicted an increase in cartilage defects (p<0.01), loss of cartilage volume (p=0.04) and an increase in BMLs (p=0.02) in multivariable analyses. The significant associations of effusion-synovitis with cartilage volume and BMLs disappeared after adjustment for cartilage defects. Effusion-synovitis in whole knee joint (p<0.01) and subpopliteal recess (p<0.05) was consistently associated with longitudinal changes in cartilage defects but not in cartilage volume and BMLs.
CONCLUSIONS: There are independent associations between knee joint effusion-synovitis and knee cartilage defects in both cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, suggesting a potential causal relationship. The associations of effusion-synovitis with BMLs and cartilage volume were largely dependent on cartilage defects, suggesting potential causal pathways.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Inflammation; Knee Osteoarthritis; Synovitis|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Clinical Sciences|
|Research Field:||Rheumatology and Arthritis|
|Objective Group:||Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)|
|Objective Field:||Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis)|
|Author:||Wang, X (Ms Xia Wang)|
|Author:||Blizzard, L (Professor Leigh Blizzard)|
|Author:||Han, W (Dr Weiyu Han)|
|Author:||Jin, X (Mr Xingzhong Jin)|
|Author:||Jones, G (Professor Graeme Jones)|
|Author:||Ding, C (Professor Chang-Hai Ding)|
|Year Published:||2016 (online first 2014)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||11|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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