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Global diversity and geography of soil fungi

Citation

Tedersoo, L and Bahram, M and Polme, S and Koljalg, U and Yorou, NS and Wijesundera, R and Ruiz, LV and Vasco-Palacios, AM and Thu, PQ and Suija, A and Smith, ME and Sharp, C and Saluveer, E and Saitta, A and Rosas, M and Riit, T and Ratkowsky, D and Pritsch, K and Poldmaa, K and Piepenbring, M and Phosri, C and Peterson, M and Parts, K and Partel, K and Otsing, E and Nouhra, E and Njouonkou, AL and Nilsson, RH and Morgado, LN and Mayor, J and May, TW and Majuakim, L and Lodge, DJ and Lee, SS and Larsson, K-H and Kohout, P and Hosaka, K and Hiiesalu, I and Henkel, TW and Harend, H and Guo, L-D and Greslebin, A and Grelet, G and Geml, J and Gates, G and Dunstan, W and Dunk, C and Drenkhan, R and Dearnaley, J and De Kesel, A and Dang, T and Chen, X and Buegger, F and Brearley, FQ and Bonito, G and Anslan, S and Abell, S and Abarenkov, K, Global diversity and geography of soil fungi, Science, 346, (6213) Article 1256688. ISSN 0036-8075 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 The Authors

DOI: doi:10.1126/science.1256688

Abstract

Fungi play major roles in ecosystem processes, but the determinants of fungal diversity and biogeographic patterns remain poorly understood. Using DNA metabarcoding data from hundreds of globally distributed soil samples, we demonstrate that fungal richness is decoupled from plant diversity. The plant-to-fungus richness ratio declines exponentially toward the poles. Climatic factors, followed by edaphic and spatial variables, constitute the best predictors of fungal richness and community composition at the global scale. Fungi show similar latitudinal diversity gradients to other organisms, with several notable exceptions. These findings advance our understanding of global fungal diversity patterns and permit integration of fungi into a general macroecological framework.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Other Biological Sciences
Research Field:Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Author:Ratkowsky, D (Dr David Ratkowsky)
Author:Gates, G (Dr Genevieve Gates)
ID Code:97374
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:425
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2014-12-12
Last Modified:2017-11-03
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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